The voluminous Proterozoic continental tholeiites of the Coppermine River province (Northwest Territories), which are coeval with the Mackenzie magmatic event (1.27 Ga old) and were emplaced over a short period of time (< 5 Ma), have trace element and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic characteristics comparable to those of Phanerozoic flood basalts. The variations of the compositional parameters are inferred to be due to a mixing of at least two components: mantle and crust. In addition, the mantle component probably includes two end members. The first is a mantle plume, whereas the other represents the base of the continental lithosphere. The crustal component reflects contamination of the magma by Precambrian basement during its ascent to the surface.